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Top 10 Uyghur prisoners in China

Human Rights Without Frontiers Int'l, Brussels, Belgium
June 22, 2008

Alim Abdureyim

Son of Rebiya Kadeer, aged 31. Originally detained on May 30, 2006. Severely beaten by police on June 1, 2006. Arraigned on Monday, July 10, 2006 on charges of tax evasion and "attempting to split the state". Charged on June 13, 2006 with tax evasion as a result of an investigation into the family business. Reportedly tortured while in detention. Reported to have 'confessed' on or around July 1 to criminal and political charges against him as a direct consequence of being tortured.

Ablikim Abdureyim

Son of Rebiya Kadeer, charged with "subversion". Originally detained on May 30, 2006. Severely beaten by police on June 1, 2006. No new information is available on the legal status nor the physical well-being of Ablikim Abdureyim, who was hospitalized in early June following the police beating.

Kahar Abdureyim

Son of Rebiya Kadeer, aged 42. Officially charged with tax evasion on June 13, 2006, at which time he was forcibly transported from Aksu to Urumqi. Arraigned on Monday, July 10, 2006 on charges of tax evasion.

Tohti Tunyaz

Uyghur writer sentenced to 11 years' imprisonment by the Urumqi Intermediate People's Court on March 10, 1999, for "stealing state secrets" and engaging in "splittist activities". Tunyaz was in East Turkestan on a trip home from Japan to do research for his doctoral thesis.

Huseyin Celil

Canadian citizen extradited from Uzbekistan to China in June 2006. Celil was detained in the Uzbek capital, Tashkent, in March 2006, while visiting his wife's relatives. He was traveling on a Canadian passport when he was detained.

China maintains that Celil is "a Chinese citizen suspected of being involved in East Turkestan terrorist activities," and says his case is being tried and a verdict has not yet been reached. Celil was wanted in China for his involvement in a campaign for the rights of the country's minority Muslim Uyghurs. He was arrested in China and tortured, but escaped from prison in 2000 and fled to Uzbekistan and Turkey before reaching Canada, where he was given citizenship.

Nurmemet Yasin

Chinese Public Security agents arrested Nurmemet Yasin for publishing an article in a local literary journal in Kashgar, East Turkestan. On January 15th, 2005, the Radio Free Asia (RFA) Uyghur Service reported that a local police officer in Kashgar confirmed Yasin's arrest during a telephone interview. The officer said that Nurmemet Yasin had been arrested three and a half months earlier "for spreading separatist ideas."

Aminan Momixi

On August 1, 2005, authorities in Xinjiang arrested Aminan Momixi, a Uyghur Muslim religious instructor, along with 37 of her students. Aminan Momixi was teaching the Koran to students between the ages of 7 and 20 in her home when police rushed in. They accused Momixi of "illegally possessing religious materials and subversive historical information" and reportedly denied her access to a lawyer.

Yusuf Kadir Tohti (also known as Erdagan)

(Presumed to have been sent back to China.) Aged 35. Yusuf Kadir Tohti reportedly fled China for Kazakstan in 1996, and became a religious teacher. He was reportedly arrested on March 8, 2006 by the Kazakstani authorities. The Chinese authorities have reportedly accused him of "separatism" and asked for his extradition.

Abdukadir Sidik

(Presumed to have been sent back to China.) Aged 30. Abdukadir Sidik fled the XUAR in 1999 after he publicly protested against the Chinese authorities' policy on minorities. He was reportedly detained for two months in connection with his political activities and views. After his release, Abdukadir Sidik reportedly filed a complaint against a local official. After he submitted his complaint, the official reportedly came to his house, beat him and threatened him with further punishment. It was after this that Abdukadir Sidik, reportedly fearing for his safety, fled China and was detained by Kazakstani border officials when crossing the border. He was charged by the Kazakstani authorities with illegally crossing the border and sentenced to six months' imprisonment.

Mehmet Tohti Abduqadir

Mehmet Tohti Abduqadir, 39 years old, from Qatqa village, Tavakkul district of Hotan Prefecture. Suspected in contacts with Abla Ebey. Sentenced to 17 years' imprisonment for "instigation of anti-government activities". Arrested in February 2001.

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